Pajamas or pyjamas, often shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can refer to a number of relevant sorts of outfits originating from the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are loose-fitting garments derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping, but occasionally also for lounging, also by equally sexes.[three] Additional frequently, pajamas may make reference to numerous garments, for each daywear and nightwear, derived from standard pajamas and involving versions of style and material.
The word pyjama  was borrowed c. 1800 from the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The initial pyjāmā are free, light-weight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans for the duration of East India Corporation rule in India.[seven][eight]
The around the globe utilization of pajamas (the phrase as well as the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India within the 18th and 19th centuries, and the British impact on the broader Western earth over the Victorian era. Pajamas had been introduced to England as "lounging apparel" as early as being the seventeenth century, then often known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nevertheless they shortly fell from style. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the first 50 % of your nineteenth century. They didn't become a fashion in Britain and the Western environment as sleeping apparel for men until the Victorian interval, from about 1870.[nine]
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Phrases and Phrases (1886) summarizes the state of use at enough time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This type of garment is used by various folks in India e.g. by Girls of varied classes, by Sikh Adult males, and many by Mohammedans of each sexes. It absolutely was adopted with the Mohammedans by Europeans as an article of dishabille and of night time attire, and is synonymous with Very long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It truly is probable that we English took the pattern just like a great many Some others through the Portuguese. Therefore Pyrard (c. 1610) suggests, in speaking of Goa Healthcare facility: "Ils ont pressure calsons sans quoy ne couchent zenske pidzame iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word has become used in London outlets. A buddy furnishes the following reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Road, some on 40 yrs ago, in reply to a matter why pyjammas had toes sewn on to them (as was often the case with People furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I believe, Sir, it can be due to the White Ants."[ten]
Common pajamas include a jacket-and-trousers mixture product of comfortable cloth, including flannel or light-weight cotton. The jacket ingredient normally has a placket front and its sleeves haven't any cuffs. Lots of individuals choose to slumber or lounge in just the pajama trousers, possibly having a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama pants for men and boys will often be offered as separates.
In colloquial speech, these common pajamas are frequently termed PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they zenske pidzame are occasionally generally known as night fits.
Some pajamas aspect a drop seat (often called a trap door or butt flap): a buttoned opening from the seat, designed to allow the wearer to conveniently make use of a rest room. Drop seats have been quite common on pajamas produced prior to the fifties, but in the early twenty-1st century They are really instead exceptional.
Modern pajamas are derived from classic pajamas. There are many variations in design for instance short sleeve pajamas, pajama bottoms of various duration,[sixteen] or, on occasion, a single-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating several materials. Chiefly inside the US, stretch-knit snooze clothing with rib-knit trimmings are popular. Usually worn by youngsters, these garments typically have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if just one-piece), and could also be footed.
Even though pajamas are generally distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments for example nightgowns, while in the US, they have got in some cases included the latter as a leading. Babydoll pyjamas Possess a type of quick gown best in excess of shorts or limited trousers.
Pajamas may possibly nowadays seek advice from Gals's blend daywear, particularly in the US wherever they grew to become common from the early twentieth century, consisting of small-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight pants. Examples of these contain capri pajamas, Seaside pajamas, and hostess pajamas.